Question on emission factors
#1
Dear colleagues,
 
I am seungwoo KANG of CMA (Centre of applied mathematics) in MINES Paristech, France. 
 
During using the TIAM model, I found out an unexpected comportment on emission factors.
 
The emission factors of aggregated energy sources (INDCOA, INDETH, etc) remain constant in time while their compositions change.
 
For example, INDCOA's CO2 emission factors is about 98.30 tCO2 based on reference year's share of COAHCO and COABCO for each region. And these emission factors are declared by "~COMEMI" table in IND_Emi sheet of VT_IND files.
 
Then, whatever the scenarios are imposed, the share of COAHCO and COABCO changes. Nevertheless, INDCOA's emission factors are always fixed at initial declaration (for CO2, 98.3 tCO2)
 
This problem becomes more serious in transport biofuel. TIAM model has fueltech_diesel_(TRA)_new (TRADST005), which allows biodiesel use in TRADST up to 100% by 2030. For the reference, this fuel tech process is different with biodiesel blending (TRABDL). Even in this case, the emission factors of TRADST do not change according to the actual share of BIODST in TRADST.
 
If this feature is intentionally implied in TIAM model, I'd like to get some more explications. If not, can anyone give some ideas how to implicitly update the emission factors complying with the chosen shares by model itself? Or did I miss something?
 
Thank you,
 
Seungwoo KANG
 
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#2
I have not worked much with TIAM lately, but I just want to emphasize that both TIMES and VEDA support defining emission factors on any process flows (by using FLO_EMIS), and therefore it is easy to model the emissions according to the actual fuel shares. You could just remove those offending ~COMEMI emission factors and replace them with emission factors defined on the input fuels of the fuel technologies.
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