ECN report C-99-078
Biomass for Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction - Task 7: Energy Technology Characterisation
M.A.P.C. de Feber; D.J. Gielen
ECN-C--99-078, January 2000
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This report gives the input data for the biomass module of the MATTER 4.2 model, a MARKAL energy and materials systems engineering model for Western Europe. This model is used within the BRED study to determine the optimal use of biomass for energy and materials from cradle to grave. The structure of the biomass module is comprehensively described in a separate report. This report is the result of Task 7 in the project 'Techno-economic characterisation of energy recovery and disposal options'. The separate sections cover electricity production from biomass, biomass heat, biofuels and gaseous fuels. The results will be presented in the final report of the project.
Biomass can be used to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. It can either be used as an energy source or it can be used to substitute materials. It can also be used in a sequence of both applications: first as a material and second as an energy source. This report focuses on biomass energy applications in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
The processes dealt with in this report are bio-energy conversion technologies and agricultural and domestic waste disposal options. The separate sections cover electricity production from biomass, biomass heat, biofuels and gaseous fuels (e.g. from anaerobic digestion). The most important differences, when comparing these data with former ones, are:
This study has been performed as part of the BRED project (Biomass for Greenhouse Gas Emission REDuction, ECN projectnumber 7.7125). This study deals with the techno-economic characterisation of energy recovery and disposal options.